Justice Montie R. Deer has served in positions throughout his career that span tribal, state, and federal legal systems. Pursuant to President Bill Clinton’s nomination and U.S. Senate confirmation, Justice Deer served as Chairman of the National Indian Gaming Commission in Washington D.C. from November 1998 to August 2002. As the NIGC Chair, Justice Deer oversaw the day-to-day operations of the independent federal agency responsible for protection of Indian gaming as a means of generating revenue for tribal communities. After departing Washington D.C., Justice Deer served as the Attorney General for the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

Justice Deer served four years as a Senior Assistant U.S. Attorney for the District of Kansas from 1994 to 1998. From 1983 to 1994, he served as a District Court Judge for the State of Kansas and presided over approximately two hundred jury trials. From 1975 to 1982, Justice Deer was a practicing trial attorney with several law firms in Kansas.

Justice Deer graduated from high school in Whitewater, Kansas. He earned a Bachelor’s degree in History and English Education from the University of Wyoming. He also studied at Emporia State University, where he earned a Master’s degree in Guidance and Counseling; and at Washburn University School of Law, where he earned his law degree. Justice Deer has many years of experience providing legal education, having both lectured at the National Judicial College and served as an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Tulsa School of Law. He has also served as the Director of Legal Services for the North Topeka Indian Center, a member of the Board of Directors for the Mid-American All-Indian Center, and a member of the Wichita Warrior Society. He presently serves as a member of the Alumni Board for the University of Wyoming.

In addition to his service on the Muscogee (Creek) Nation’s high Court, Justice Deer is currently the Chief Justice for the Supreme Court of the Iowa Tribe of Nebraska and Kansas and serves as Municipal Judge for the City of Mclouth, Kansas. He was nominated and confirmed to the Muscogee (Creek) Nation Supreme Court for a six-year term beginning on July 1, 2011; and served as Vice-Chief Justice for the 2012 term.